Created in 1997 with a complete cycle concept, the Electronics, Information Technology, Automation and Communications Industry Group, GELECT, advances in various actions to achieve an organizational transformation, taking advantage of the powers given to the state company.

For its president, Vicente de la O Levy, since the conversion to OSDE was carried out in 2014, the strategy towards 2030 was going to be based on knowledge.

“To do this, we set out eight strategic lines based on energy efficiency, automation, information technology, the development of medical electronics, the use of renewable energy sources, robotics, comprehensive security and general electronics.”

In this sense, he pointed out that his business system from 2014 to date has been making investments, which are taxed on these strategic lines.

“Today we have a factory for parts and photovoltaic elements, as well as one dedicated to the production of solar heaters. At the same time, there is GDM, intended for the production of computer media such as laptops, tablets, computers and servers. We have even made a batch of cell phones,” he said.

He added that as part of the transformation that is taking place in the entity, the electronic components factory changed its strategy. “He looked for new work niches. Another example is to see how the television factory, without stopping making televisions, without stopping making induction cookers, has necessarily had to transform itself”.

Commenting on the structure of the business group, he said that it is made up of 21 entities, among which 12 are directly dedicated to production and six to services.

He explained that it is a diverse business system in terms of the technologies they apply, the field of activities and their size, since it is “made up of more than 11,000 workers.”

“We have large companies like the electronic components company in Pinar del Río or the Input company in Villa Clara,” he said.

De la O Levy explained that until now, the OSDE GELECT exercised the functions of direction, coordination and control of the companies”.

“Was this not functional?”

—Yes, it worked, but a financial source had to be found and, above all, creativity had to be stimulated.

He also specified that the GELECT business system is less and less dependent on financing from the Ministry of Economy and Planning (MEP), since companies operate from the financing they receive from agencies, sales in e-commerce and MLC stores, as well as for sales in ZEDM that generate CL.

“89% of the companies apply the management and administration system, all of them have certified accounting and comply with their economic plans, six have their quality management systems certified and there is a program for all of them to be certified before 2023.”

Commenting on the impact of the application of the 43 measures for the improvement of the Cuban business system, the president of GELECT valued his arrival as very positive and timely.

“If it had not been for those 43 measures, with the economic situation that we have today, I think we would have closed taking into account that previously the corporate purpose, for example, was very rigid.”

On this very topic, he detailed how his entities have sought solutions and alternatives to increase production, such as collection boxes, whose production is currently based on imported and recycled raw materials.

He added that, based on the given prerogatives, the state company RENSOL was created in the OSDE, and the creation of 23 subsidiary companies was proposed. (18 presented to the MEP / 14 approved) and the birth of 28 MSMEs. (20 presented to the MEP / 1 approved).

“All these measures fit our system very well. We went group by group, first with the boards of directors and then with all the workers and we saw technologies that were installed and that were not being used. There was a demand in the town for products and we had the technology installed”.

Later, when explaining the main incentives for the transformation of the business group, he said that it seeks to rescue productions and services that have been discontinued, incorporating national materials and products, with less dependence on imports. For example, safe deposit boxes, fire extinguishers, plastic production with recycled resins and electronic scrap.

“Also, to get companies that have reached a higher level of organizational development out of their comfort zone, so that they are capable of responding creatively, putting innovative solutions into practice, and putting talent to work to satisfy the population’s problems and contribute more to the development of the country, as is the case of new automation and 3D printing products”.

Likewise, it recognized that the changes would allow the base business units to be given greater autonomy, “adopting more specialized and smaller structures, more linked to the problems of the territory where they are located and with more possibilities of providing local solutions, which allow them to improve the level of income and living conditions of its workers.

The young engineer Darien Piña Sánchez, head of the innovation and development project incubator, recalled how in mid-2020, in one of the most complex moments of the pandemic, a group of engineers with a 3D computer manufactured necessary accessories for the Ministry of Public Health.

In this context, the group of young engineers began to search the Internet for the release of codes for the manufacture of emergency lung ventilators. “This is how we began to study the subject, supporting ourselves with doctors and electromedical doctors, with the universities.”

Looking for a way to promote development – ​​he said – the technological incubator is created, which aims to promote the development of companies. Piña Sánchez indicated that the reason for this project is to develop technological solutions and products that contribute to the development of prototype electronic circuits, supplies.

“The center has 3D printing machines to manufacture metals, hard plastics, for the business system, more than 20 companies,” he said.

He added that the engineers who work in the group are mostly young people recruited from the Electronics Group. In addition, they have ties to the private sector.

The head of the Innovation and Development Projects Incubator stressed that the idea is to achieve the development of competitive products, technological independence, based on knowledge and innovation. “We try to reduce the number of imported components in the products we design.”

“There are ideas that come from the group’s companies and are consolidated in the incubator, others that begin to take shape by the young engineers of the center and from there they find an outlet in the companies”.

Darien Piña Sánchez pointed out that the incubator has the capacity to finance itself according to the services they provide, they also have the capacity to import. “This helps reduce project execution times.”

The first product that emerged was the lung ventilator that is currently in the certification phase by Cecmed. “We designed a Cuban 3D printer, a large part of the materials of the mechanical structure is developed in the country’s industry, another part of the plastics are made in the same printers and a small number of components that are not produced in the country are imported. country”.

Other solutions were the repair of microscopes that were unusable because one of their parts was damaged, and the recovery of stethoscopes by being able to print the rubber part on 3D printers.

He added that they undertake other projects with BioCubaFarma, with livestock, also in the development of surveillance cameras, projects in 3D printers with concrete and with the Electric Union in an intelligent meter.

The director of Energy Efficient Solutions, Norge Hernández Castro, explained that they are a state MSME belonging to the Electronics Group whose only partner is Cedai, a company with vast experience in the field of energy efficiency.

“We were Cedai workers. The mipyme arises with a group of colleagues associated with an international energy efficiency collaboration project with external financing from the European Union. The objective is to turn Cedai into the first energy efficient building in the country”.

Based on the modifications of the company and the group, it is decided to convert the project into an MSME. Hernández Castro indicated that they work from the conception of the idea to the production of the engineering.

Soluciones Energéticamente Eficientes is made up of six workers with an average age of 30 years.

He added that “its main services are based on energy efficiency and the saving of energy carriers. In addition, they venture into other areas such as renewable energies”.

The director of Energy Efficient Solutions stated that they have worked not only with the business sector, but also with the residential sector, providing energy solutions and ideas to achieve a positive impact on energy consumption.

In the time they have been as MSMEs, they have provided 31 energy solutions.

For her part, Tamara Muiz Chinea, vice president of GELECT, referred to the transformation of the OSDE, in search of its own financing and greater autonomy.

He pointed out that GELECT intends to incorporate functions of the business system and stop being a burden for the central State fund.

In this sense, he explained that, as one of the main transformations carried out, the group has proposed that the OSDE be the majority shareholder of the mercantile companies, to reduce expenses and give it more profits.

“Based on the dividends OSDE receives, it manages its own operations, research and development activities, as well as investments.”

Muiz Chinea affirmed that another destination of the dividends would be social capital for the new companies in which the OSDE may participate.

We consider the new management system to be positive. “The budget wins because it obtains more taxes, the company wins because expenses are reduced, and the OSDE wins because it obtains financing for its projects,” he said.

“Another transformation that we conceive is the creation of a non-bank financial entity, which is nourished by the capital of commercial companies and the association fund,” he said, arguing that this entity will coexist with the industry, for what it will know their needs and vulnerabilities, and will be linked to the projects from their very genesis.

In addition, it is expected that the financial institution will be fed by both national banks and foreign financiers.

At the end of the television program, Vicente de la O Levy, president of GELECT, emphasized that the new companies that have been created are born without depending on the financing of the central bank and have to create new products and invest in improving their working conditions, in research and development, in the training of its human resources and in attention to workers, and must be linked to the localities where they are located.

He considered that it is positive to promote the creation of MSMEs that do not depend on state financing, and that it is the duty of the OSDE to familiarize them with the work of exports and business, with a view to their insertion in the international market.

He affirmed that the US blockade is in force and we will continue to suffer from it, so we are obliged to seek solutions to our problems with our own people and our own resources.